The Impact of Health Insurance Types On Survival Rates for Pediatric Heart Transplant Recipients in the United Network for Organ Sharing Eleven Regions
Abstract: For most families of transplant patients, the impending cost involved in the upcoming medical care is a major concern while the patient is on the waiting list. There are programs available to the family in order to help alleviate this concern, but the reality of what happens after the patient receives the transplant can vary depending on multiple factors. It is common that the quality of life for the patient will begin to improve, but what about financial realities faced by the families post-transplant? It is likely that the transplant patients as well as their families are still at somewhat of a disadvantage financially even after receiving support from various programs throughout the transplant process. This follow-up study is a continued focus on pediatric heart transplant recipients, specifically within the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS), and their survival rates, post-transplant, based on the types of insurance they possess. It has been observed that survival rates based on health insurance status vary across geographic regions and state levels, as well as overall outcomes for patients who have advanced cardiovascular diseases. The need for further efforts to improve system stability is essential for patient survival outcomes. Towards this end, system improvements will enable healthcare providers to offer the highest quality of treatment and follow-up care regardless of the type of insurance coverage.
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