Effectiveness of Integrated Primary and Behavioral Healthcare forTreating Mental Health Symptoms
Abstract: This poster presentation will provide an overview of a meta-analysis intended to evaluate the existing empirical literature related to the effectiveness of integrated primary and behavioral healthcare (IPBH) for treating mental health distress. We computed mean effects for IPBH against treatment as usual (TAU) and completed moderator analyses to identify interactions between number of providers, number of behavioral health sessions, and time in contact and treatment effect.
We describe our method for developing eligibility criteria, information sources, search strategy, data management, study selection process, prioritizing outcomes, assessing bias, and narrative synthesizing within our sample of studies. Overall, it is apparent that IPBH practitioners are delivering a treatment that is more effective for decreasing mental health symptoms than Statins and Aspirin are for preventing heart attacks. Furthermore, it appears that a treatment team of 3 providers and 8 behavioral health sessions are associated with the mean effect (g = -.31). Yet, when 12 sessions were delivered the effect tended to not only double (g = -.60), but remain stable over time. Such data has implications not only for cost savings within a sociopolitical environment wherein external funding is constricting and communities are expected to leverage existing resources in a manner that maximizes client outcomes. Suggestions for future researcher will be discussed.
Poster materials will include flow charts and visual depictions of findings by moderator type. Handouts will include information about our study’s method and results.
Julia Dell’Aquila*, Danielle Pester, and Kimberlee Mincey
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