Investigation On The Correlation Between Wave Energy Behaviors And Sea Water Salinity In The Gulf Of Mexico
Abstract: Due to the great availability and size of oceans, wave energy is estimated as the second largest ocean renewable energy source. However, the harvesting of wave energy is facing many challenges, and there is no commercially operated wave energy farm in the world yet. One of the problems is lack of understanding of the wave energy behavior and its underlying principles. In this project, sea water salinity was chosen to analyze its correlation with wave energy behavior. The average salinity in ocean water is around 35 grams of salt per kilogram of sea water, which means the ocean composed by 3.5% of salt. However, there are multiple differences in salinity patterns between oceans. The distribution of salinity on the ocean surface varies according to the regions. The flow of ocean currents that move heat from all parts of Earth are strongly influenced by salinity. The North Atlantic Ocean contains the highest salinity levels from all the oceans on Earth. Due to its significant influence in the Gulf of Mexico, this area was chosen for a correlation analysis between salinity and wave energy behavior. The results show there are certain correlations between them in specific areas in the Gulf of Mexico.
Mariee Cruz Mendoza*
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